John Winston Ono Lennon (born John Winston Lennon, 9 October 1940 – 8 December 1980) was a Peace Activist, better known as an English singer, songwriter who gained worldwide fame as the founder, co-lead vocalist, and rhythm guitarist of The Beatles. His songwriting partnership with Paul McCartney remains the most successful in musical history.
Born in Liverpool, Lennon became involved in the skiffle craze as a teenager. In 1956, he formed his first band, the Quarreymen, which evolved into the Beatles in 1960. He was initially the group's de facto leader, a role gradually ceded to McCartney. Lennon was characterized for the rebellious nature and acerbic wit in his music, writing, drawings, on film and in interviews. In the mid-1960s, he had two books published: IN HIS OWN WRITE and A SPANIARD IN THE WORKS, both collections of nonsensical writings and line drawings. Starting with 1967's "All You Need is Love", his songs were adopted as anthems by the anti-war movement and the larger counterculture.